The topic could be a book to itself. Some very preliminary thoughts.
Adam and Eve eat from the tree of life in order to live forever.
Eating from the other tree leads to death.
Food in God's intention is sacramental, it is knowledge of him, eternal life.
Sin makes food an act of selfishness, a grasping after what is not given to us.
The Passover connects eating with redemption and freedom from captivity.
Christ, God in flesh, feeds the five thousand, recapitulating the creation goodness of God providing for his people.
Christ calls his own flesh food ( John 6)
Christ gives his flesh and blood to be eaten and drank at the Last Supper until he returns.
Christ gives his flesh as a sacrifice on the altar of Calvary.
The faithful eat his body and drink his blood for salvation and real, fleshly connection with the Creator.
The faithful look forward to the wedding feat that has no end.
The faithful say "grace" before every meal thus marking food as a moment of God's and self revelation.